Monthly Archives: February 2014

What are Antioxidants and how do they destroy free radicals?

what are antioxidants

Free radicals were little known to most of us 25 years ago. Free radicals are formed in our bodies during normal processes, but as researchers have learned in recent years, excess free radicals can cause major damage throughout the body.  See our full article on free radicals here.

So how do you combat free radicals? By using antioxidants.

What are Antioxidants?

Antioxidants are nutrients that donate electrons to free radicals. Antioxidants neutralize free radicals and assist in returning your body to a balanced state. Antioxidants are found in leafy vegetables and fruits, and they are an essential part of any well balanced diet. Free radicals are formed in our bodies during normal processes. To control the balance of free radicals, you need a constant supply of antioxidants. Some are more powerful than others. Here are a few of the more notable antioxidants.

Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)

What are antioxidants? The most recognized antioxidant is vitamin C, which is effective in neutralizing hydroxyl and superoxide radicals. This makes vitamin C one of the most essential nutrients in any diet. Humans, primates, fruit bats and guinea pigs are unable to synthesize vitamin C, making proper nutrition and/or supplementation important in defending against free radical damage. Some great sources for vitamin C include:

Source Serving Vitamin C
Mustard Greens 1/2 Cup 107.8 mg
Red bell peppers 1/2 Cup 95 mg
Green bell peppers 1/2 Cup 60 mg
Kale 1/2 Cup 40 mg
Broccoli 1/2 Cup 67 mg
Papaya 1/2 Cup 44 mg
Strawberries 1/2 Cup 40 mg
Cauliflower Small Head 127 mg
Kiwi 1/2 Cup 137.2 mg

Vitamin E

Vitamin E is a major fat-soluble antioxidant found within the membranes of cells. It protects the fatty acids from damage from peroxyl radicals. Vitamin E is also the principal antioxidant against ozone (O3). Vitamin E must be provided daily through dietary sources or supplementation and can be found in many fresh fruits and vegetables.

Spinach is an all-around healthy food. Filled with vitamin E and many other antioxidants and essential nutrients, spinach is easy to incorporate in any diet or dietary plan.
Almonds and other nuts are a great source for vitamin E. They are convenient and have a long shelf life. Stick a bag in your desk drawer for a quick healthy snack.
Kale makes the cut again for being filled with antioxidants.
Fruits like papaya and kiwi are great sources of vitamin E and vitamin C, making them a popular food for antioxidant protection.
Red bell peppers
Are you seeing a trend? Many foods are filled with various antioxidants making them a perfect snack or meal for full antioxidant protecting. Red bell peppers are stuffed with vitamin E and C among other essential nutrients.


One of about 50 carotenoids, beta-carotene is effective against singlet oxygen. It is considered a weak antioxidant compared to vitamins C and E, however it is is able to convert into vitamin A, a fat-soluble antioxidant. You can find substantial amounts of beta-carotene in yellow and green fruits and vegetables.


Glutathione is not as popular as vitamin C and E however it is one of the most powerful antioxidants available. Glutathione is composed of three amino acids, cysteine, glutamic acid, and glycine. Glutathione (GSH) is able to destroy the free radicals which cause the formation of cross-links in collagen tissue. GSH is also capable of recycling other antioxidants including vitamins C and E. GSH is only available as a dietary supplement.

Asparagus contains rich amounts of glutathione, sometimes referred to as “the mother of all antioxidants.” Asparagus is also rich in other antioxidants such as beta-carotene and selenium.
Almonds and other nuts are a great source for vitamin E. They are convenient and have a long shelf life. Stick a bag in your desk drawer for a quick healthy snack.

Alpha Lipoic Acid (ALA)

ALA is both water- and fat-soluble, granting it the ability to protect inside and outside the cell membrane. Like glutathione, ALA is capable of recycling other vital antioxidants giving it significant benefits over other antioxidants. Alpha Lipoic Acid is found in small amounts in meat, potatoes, carrots, spinach, and brewer’s yeast, but to obtain a significant amount of it one must supplement.


Selenium is the principal mineral antioxidant and is a cofactor in glutathione peroxidase, the body’s own free radical controller. Selenium is also capable of magnifying the effectiveness of vitamin E against free radicals. Great sources for selenium are tuna, wheat germ, sesame seeds, pecans, and other meats.

What are Antioxidants and When Do I need More?

The human body produces tens of thousands of free radicals every second. This makes antioxidants a necessary part of everyone’s daily diet.  The following activities and environmental factors cause an increase in the production of free radicals, and require that you obtain a larger amount of antioxidants.

  1. Exercise
  2. Stress
  3. Exposure to environmental pollutants
  4. Illness
  5. Inflammation
  6. Infection
  7. Elevated blood lipids
  8. Elevated blood sugar
  9. Excessive exposure to UV Light (Sun)

LivOn Labs Promo – Valentine’s Day Contest

valentines day contest

Entering the LivOn Labs Valentine’s Day contest is easy. To enter, send us the best and/or worst pick-up lines you’ve heard or used. There are three ways to enter:

  1. By email at marketing [at] livonlabs [dot] com with the subject line Valentine’s Day Contest 
  2. On our facebook page by commenting on our contest post
  3. On Twitter using the hashtag #SmoothDelivery
  4. On our Pinterest page by commenting on our contest post

We will select three (4) lucky winners and send them a $100 gift certificate good at any of these restaurants, Outback Steakhouse, Carrabba’s Italian Grill, Bonefish Grill, Fleming’s Prime Steakhouse & Wine Bar, or Roy’s. For complete rules, see below

Complete Contest Rules


  1. Eligibility
    The LivOn Labs Valentine’s Day Contest (the Contest) is open to legal residents of the fifty (50) United States and the District of Columbia who are at least (18) years old at the time of entry. Employees of LivOn Labs and other companies associated with the promotion of the Contest, and their respective parents, subsidiaries, affiliates and advertising and promotion agencies as well as the immediate family (spouse, parents, siblings, and children) and household members of each employee are not eligible. The Contest is subject to federal, state, and local laws and regulations.
  2. Sponsor
    The Contest is sponsored by LivOn Labs, located at 2534 Anthem Village Parkway, Suite 100, Henderson, NV 89052.
  3. Agreement to Official Rules
    Participation in the Sweepstakes constitutes entrants full and unconditional agreement to and acceptance of these Official Rules and the decisions of the Sponsor, which are final and binding. Winning a prize is contingent upon being compliant with these Official Rules and fulfilling all other requirements set forth herein.
  4. Contest Period
    The Contest begins on February 6th, 2014 at 5:00 p.m. PST and ends on February 12th, 2014 at 8:00 p.m. PST (the Contest Period). Entries that are submitted before or after the Contest Period will be disqualified. Submissions will be accepted for the duration of the Contest using any of the following methods: Facebook entry on our sponsored post, Twitter using #SmoothDelivery, Pinterest comment on our contest post, and email submission to marketing [at]
  5. How to Enter
    Via social media: This method of entry will be available for the entire Contest Period. All entries become the property of the Sponsor. Entrants and winners names and likeness can be used for marketing purposes including but not limited to social marketing and posting..

    Limit one (1) entry per person, per email address, and per household for the duration of the Sweepstakes Period. regardless of method of entry. Entries from any person, e-mail address, or household in excess of the stated limitation will be void. All entries become the property of Sponsor. Entrants and winners names and likeness can be used for marketing purposes.

  6. Prize Drawing
    On February 12th, 2014, the Sponsor will select three (3) potential winners from among all eligible entries received. The odds of being selected depend on the number of entries received. The Sponsor will attempt to notify the potential winner via email or social media on February 12th, 2014. If any of the potential winners can not be reached by February 13th, 2014, a new winner will be chosen.
  7. General
    Certain contest and sweepstakes are subject to applicable federal, state and local laws. Entrants agree to be bound by these Official Rules and by the decisions of the judges, which are final and binding in all respects. By entering this contest, entrants expressly acknowledge that these Official Rules have been drafted in the English language, and that any translation prepared for any reason will be of no legal effect and the English version of these Official Rules shall govern any dispute. By participating, contestant releases LivOn Labs and their respective parents, affiliates, subsidiaries and agencies and their directors, officers, employees and agents from any and all liability from any damage of any kind arising from contestant’s participation in this Contest, or resulting from entrant’s acceptance, possession, use or misuse of the prize. Except where prohibited by law, acceptance of the prize constitutes and signifies winner’s consent that LivOn Labs and/or its agents may use winner’s entry, name, address (city and state only), prize information, and/or likeness for promotional purposes in any media now existing or hereinafter devised, without additional compensation. Subject to all federal, state and local laws and regulations. LivOn Labs is not responsible for: (1) late, delayed, incomplete, delayed, or incomplete entries, (2) incorrect or inaccurate entries; (3) inability to access any website or online service, or any other error or malfunction. LivOn Labs reserves the right to: (i) disqualify from this or any Contest, now or in the future, any person it finds, in its sole discretion, has intentionally violated these Official Rules, tampered with the entry process, the operation of the Contest or Website, or any other aspect of this Contest; and (ii) cancel or suspend the Contest in its entirety should tampering, unauthorized intervention, fraud, technical failures or other causes beyond Sponsor’s control corrupt the administration, security, fairness, integrity, or proper play of the Contest.

Norovirus Outbreak

The norovirus is once again in the news, this time it struck roughly 178 passengers aboard the Princess Cruises’ Caribbean Princess. The Norovirus, commonly referred to as the stomach flu, can cause nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. The virus is highly contagious and can spread from person to person if they do not wash their hands.

The Princess Cruises’ ship became the second cruise shop this week affected by the norovirus. The Royal Caribbean’s Explorer of the Seas docked in New Jersey on Wednesday, when 700 crew and passengers fell ill, the highest number of sick people reported on any cruise shop in two decades! Many of you may know that Las Vegas, where LivOn Labs is located, was hit with the norovirus in early December when 100 people staying at the Rio became sick during a youth football tournament.

How can you protect yourself?

What is the norovirus?

The norovirus is a very contagious virus that can infect anyone and can be serious for some people, especially young children and older adults. You can become infected by coming into contact with an infected person, contaminated food or water, or by touching contaminated surfaces. In 2012, a new strain of norovirus was detected resulting in many more cases of the illness. People in many countries have already been infected with the new strain including the United States.

Symptoms of norovirus

The symptoms of norovirus are inflammation of the stomach and/or intestines causing severe stomach distress. This may include nausea, diarrhea, and vomiting. Also known as the stomach flu, it is the most common cause of acute gastroenteritis. 

Norovirus Trends and Outbreaks

According to the Centers for Disease Control, norovirus causes 19 million to 21 million illnesses a year, most often in crowded and poorly sanitized environments such as nursing homes, day care centers, and surprise! cruise ships. Over half of all norovirus outbreaks reported in the United States occur in long-term care facilities however cruise ships have a long history with the norovirus.

Last year, there were a total of 9 outbreaks of gastrointestinal illnesses on cruise ships, which was down from 11 the year before (2012).

The leading cause of norovirus is contaminated food with roughly 50% of all outbreaks. Most common foods involved in outbreaks of norovirus are:

  • Leafy greens such as lettuce
  • Fresh fruits
  • Shellfish

However the CDC warns that any food served raw or undercooked can be contaminated. Approximately, 500 to 800 deaths are caused by the norovirus each year, though there are generally more in years when a new strain develops.

Treatment and Avoidance

Since norovirus is a viral infection it can not be treated with antibiotics. If you have norovirus drink plenty of water to avoid dehydration including sports drinks and other drinks without caffeine or alcohol. Most people will recover from norovirus within days of contamination.

To protect yourself from the norovirus, do not share food or utensils with people who are sick or have just been sick. If you are near someone who is sick be sure to wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water and wipe down surfaces with a diluted bleach solution. Do not rely on alcohol-based hand sanitizer since it will not destroy the virus. Be careful when coming into contact with linens, which were used by someone who is sick since the virus can also be transmitted this way.

Finally, keep your hands away from your mouth and nose. These are the highways that illnesses like to travel on. Whenever you get that urge to bite your nails or dig for gold, just pretend someone is watching you.

watching you