Vitamins: Their Functions and Benefits


Vitamin A – Necessary for good vision, keeps skin and tissues healthy, and acts as an antioxidant.

THIAMIN (vitamin B1) – Assists the body in converting food into energy, helps keep skin, hair, and nails healthy, and is vital for nerve function.

RIBOFLAVIN (vitamin B2)- Helps the body convert food into energy and helps keep hair, blood, the brain, and skin healthy.

NIACIN (vitamin B3, nicotinic acid) – Helps the body convert food into energy and helps keep hair, blood, the brain, and skin healthy.

PANTOTHENIC ACID (vitamin B5) – Helps the body convert food into energy and also helps make steroid hormones, hemoglobin, and lipids.

PYRIDOXINE Vitamin B6 – Helps produce red blood cells, influence cognitive function and the immune system, and aids in decreasing homocysteine levels.

COBALAMIN (vitamin B12) – Supports healthy nerve cells and helps make DNA, blood cells, and new cells.

BIOTIN – Helps turn food into energy, utilize glucose, break down certain fatty acids, and promote healthy hair and bones.

ASCORBIC ACID (vitamin C) – Acts as an antioxidant, helps make collagen, and supports the immune system.

CHOLINE – Supports brain and nerve activities and helps metabolize and transport fats.

CALCIFEROL (vitamin D) – Plays a role in maintaining normal blood levels of phosphorus and calcium to support strong bones.

ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL (vitamin E) – Functions as an antioxidant to help protect the body against free radicals.

FOLIC Acid – Essential for the creation of new cells, helps prevent birth defects when consumed early on in pregnancy, and can decrease homocysteine levels in the body.

PHYLLOQUINONE, MENADIONE (vitamin K) – Supports healthy blood clotting function.

CALCIUM – Helps build and protect teeth and bones and supports blood clotting, muscle contractions, muscle relaxation, and nerve impulse transmission.

CHLORIDE – Vital component of digestion and helps balance fluids in the body.

CHROMIUM – Enhances insulin’s activity and helps promote normal blood glucose levels.

COPPER- Helps make red blood cells, impacts iron metabolism, supports the immune system.

IODINE – Important for thyroid function, which impacts the entire body.

IRON – Necessary for making collagen, neurotransmitters, hormones, and amino acids. Also helps hemoglobin transport oxygen in the body.

MAGNESIUM – Needed for hundreds of reactions in the body.

MANGANESE – Helps bones develop and helps metabolize carbohydrates, cholesterol, and amino acids.

PHOSPHORUS – Helps build and maintain healthy teeth and bones and converts food into energy.

POTASSIUM – Plays a role in fluid balance, sends nerve impulses, and is necessary for muscle contractions.

SELENIUM – Acts as an antioxidant and helps regulate thyroid hormone activity.

SODIUM – Helps balance fluids in the body, impact blood pressure, send nerve impulses, and affect muscle contractions.

SULFUR – Helps build bridges that stabilize and shape protein structures. Also helps support healthy skin, nails, and hair.

ZINC – Helps create new cells and is necessary for immune function, smell, wound healing, and taste.